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Issue 6, 2016
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Enhancement of dye regeneration kinetics in dichromophoric porphyrin–carbazole triphenylamine dyes influenced by more exposed radical cation orbitals

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Abstract

Reduction kinetics of oxidized dyes absorbed on semiconductor surfaces and immersed in redox active electrolytes has been mainly modeled based on the free energy difference between the oxidation potential of the dye and the redox potential of the electrolyte. Only a few mechanisms have been demonstrated to enhance the kinetics by other means. In this work, the rate constant of the reduction of oxidized porphyrin dye is enhanced by attaching non-conjugated carbazole triphenylamine moiety using iodine/triiodide and tris(2,2′-bispyridinium)cobalt II/III electrolytes. These results are obtained using transient absorption spectroscopy by selectively probing the regeneration kinetics at the porphyrin radical cation and the carbazole triphenylamine radical cation absorption wavelengths. The enhancement in the reduction kinetics is not attributed to changes in the driving force, but to the more exposed dye cation radical orbitals of the dichromophoric dye. The results are important for the development of high efficiency photo-electrochemical devices with minimalized energy loss at electron transfer interfaces.

Graphical abstract: Enhancement of dye regeneration kinetics in dichromophoric porphyrin–carbazole triphenylamine dyes influenced by more exposed radical cation orbitals

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Article information


Submitted
28 Jan 2016
Accepted
27 Feb 2016
First published
01 Mar 2016

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2016,7, 3506-3516
Article type
Edge Article
Author version available

Enhancement of dye regeneration kinetics in dichromophoric porphyrin–carbazole triphenylamine dyes influenced by more exposed radical cation orbitals

L. Zhao, P. Wagner, J. E. Barnsley, T. M. Clarke, K. C. Gordon, S. Mori and A. J. Mozer, Chem. Sci., 2016, 7, 3506
DOI: 10.1039/C6SC00429F

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