Selective capture of hexavalent chromium from an anion-exchange column of metal organic resin–alginic acid composite†
We report an anion exchange composite material based on a protonated amine-functionalized metal–organic framework, denoted Metal Organic Resin-1 (MOR-1), and alginic acid (HA). MOR-1–HA material shows an exceptional capability to rapidly and selectively sorb Cr(VI) under a variety of conditions and in the presence of several competitive ions. The selectivity of MOR-1–HA for Cr(VI) is shown to be the result of strong O3CrVI⋯NH2 interactions. The composite sorbent can be successfully utilized in an ion-exchange column, in contrast to pristine MOR-1 which forms fine suspensions in water passing through the column. Remarkably, an ion exchange column with only 1% wt MOR-1–HA and 99% wt sand (an inert and inexpensive material) is capable of reducing moderate and trace Cr(VI) concentrations to well below the acceptable safety limits for water. The relatively low cost of MOR-1–HA/sand column and its high regeneration capability and reusability make it particularly attractive for application in the remediation of Cr(VI)-bearing industrial waste.