Cellulose-supported chiral rhodium nanoparticles as sustainable heterogeneous catalysts for asymmetric carbon–carbon bond-forming reactions†
Cellulose-supported chiral Rh nanoparticle (NP) catalysts have been developed. The Rh NPs, which were well dispersed on cellulose, catalyzed the asymmetric 1,4-addition of arylboronic acids to enones and enoates, one of the representative asymmetric carbon–carbon bond-forming reactions, in the presence of chiral diene ligands, providing the corresponding adducts in high yields with outstanding enantioselectivities without metal leaching. The solid-state NMR analysis of the chiral NP system directly suggested interactions between the Rh NPs and the chiral ligand on cellulose. This is the first example of using polysaccharide-supported chiral metal nanoparticles for asymmetric carbon–carbon bond-forming reactions.