N6-Hydroperoxymethyladenosine: a new intermediate of chemical oxidation of N6-methyladenosine mediated by bicarbonate-activated hydrogen peroxide†
N 6-Methyladenosine (m6A) represents a relatively abundant modification in eukaryotic RNA. Because m6A has similar properties to adenosine and a low reactivity, limited research has been focused on this nucleoside. In this study, we revealed an important intermediate in the oxidation of m6A through the bicarbonate-activated peroxide system. Over the course of oxidation, we found a new mechanism in which N6-hydroxymethyladenosine (hm6A), N6-formyladenosine (f6A) and N6-hydroperoxymethyladenosine (oxm6A) were intermediate products, and adenosine was the final product. In this study, oxm6A was isolated using HPLC and characterized by mass spectrometry, NMR and diphenyl-1-pyrenylphosphine (DPPP) fluorescence detection. This study provides a new modified nucleoside and demonstrates oxidative demethylation of m6A by reactive oxygen species at the nucleobase level and in RNA strands.