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Issue 10, 2019
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Reaction-volume dependent chemistry of highly selective photocatalytic reduction of nitrobenzene

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Abstract

Reaction-volume dependent photocatalytic reduction of nitrobenzene was investigated in various batch reactors and continuous-flow microreactors (CFMs) with different surface area to volume ratios (SA/V) under visible-light irradiation, leading to control of the photochemical reduction route, reaction speed and product selectivity. A batch reactor with less than 1.5 cm−1 SA/V ratio produced only aniline in 96% selectivity with 40% conversion by a direct reaction route. In contrast, the CFM with an 80 cm−1 SA/V ratio showed production of high-value azoxybenzene in 99% selectivity with 99% conversion through a condensation reaction route. In particular, a parylene thin film microreactor with a 100 μm channel height (400 cm−1 SA/V ratio) achieved perfect conversion and selectivity to azoxybenzene within only 50 min of reaction, compared to 20 h of reaction in the batch reactor to produce aniline. The mechanistic reaction progress was monitored by conducting time-dependent reactions of nitrobenzene and nitrosobenzene. Furthermore, the photocatalysis of various nitro-aromatic compounds also exhibited the identical reaction-volume dependent chemistry with excellent product selectivity.

Graphical abstract: Reaction-volume dependent chemistry of highly selective photocatalytic reduction of nitrobenzene

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
21 Jun 2019
Accepted
30 Jul 2019
First published
02 Aug 2019

React. Chem. Eng., 2019,4, 1752-1756
Article type
Communication

Reaction-volume dependent chemistry of highly selective photocatalytic reduction of nitrobenzene

S. Jang, B. Jung, M. Kim, W. Lee and D. Kim, React. Chem. Eng., 2019, 4, 1752
DOI: 10.1039/C9RE00251K

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