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Issue 5, 2002
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Structure of X-ray photoelectron spectra of lanthanide compounds


The results of the X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy studies of the electronic structures of trifluorides, oxides and other compounds of Sc, Y and lanthanides (Ln) from La to Lu, except for Pm, in the binding energy range from 0 to 1350 eV are generalised. The established dependences of the Ln4fbinding energies and the relative intensities of lines on the atomic numberZdo not contradict the theoretical data stating that the Ln4fatomic orbitals (AO) participate markedly in the formation of molecular orbitals (MO) in the lanthanide compounds. It is established that inner valence molecular orbitals (IVMO) composed of the metal Sc3p, Y4p, Ln5pAO and the ligand L(O,F)2sAO are formed in these systems in addition to the outer valence molecular orbitals (OVMO). It is shown that the spectral fine structure caused by multiplet splitting, many-body perturbation and dynamic effects is correlated with the lanthanide oxidation state, the spin state of ions and the mechanisms of the secondary electronic processes accompanying the photoemission and can serve as a characteristic for identification of lanthanide compounds. Charge induction is discussed using titanium and niobium double oxides as examples. The bibliography includes 206 references.

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Russ. Chem. Rev., 2002,71, 347-381
Article type

Structure of X-ray photoelectron spectra of lanthanide compounds

Y. A. Teterin and A. Yu. Teterin, Russ. Chem. Rev., 2002, 71, 347
DOI: 10.1070/RC2002v071n05ABEH000717

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