The rationality of using core–shell nanoparticles with embedded internal standards for SERS quantitative analysis based glycerol-assisted 3D hotspots platform†
Surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) is a promising sensing technique that can provide unique chemical and structural fingerprint information, but gaining reliable SERS quantitative data with high sensitivity and stability still remains a challenge. Although using a molecule as an internal standard (IS) can improve the SERS quantitative capability, the reliability and SERS measuring conditions for signal fluctuations during calibration based on IS are yet to be explored when the embedded IS molecules and target objects are located in different environments. Herein, a 3D hotspot matrix SERS platform based on Au@4-MPy@AgNPs was constructed in water with the assistance of glycerol and the dynamic signal changes from the IS, i.e. 4-Mpy, and target molecules were monitored during the process of evaporation with high sensitivity and stability. In contrast to the traditional water-dispersed drying film system, the variation trends of IS and target molecules were consistent in the glycerol-assisted liquid film protection system. Therefore, it is reasonable to calibrate the signal fluctuation by utilizing the embedded IS based on the construction strategy of a glycerol-assisted 3D hotspot platform. This work demonstrates a rational, reliable and precise SERS quantitative technique for testing analyte concentrations in practical systems and has great application prospects in the field of analytical chemistry.