t-BuOK mediated oxidative coupling amination of 1,4-naphthoquinone and related 3-indolylnaphthoquinones with amines†
The transition-metal free amination of 1,4-naphthoquinone and related 3-indolylnaphthoquinones with amines, such as various (hetero)aromatic amine and aliphatic amine via t-BuOK-mediated oxidative coupling at room temperature has been developed. This reaction provides efficient access to the biologically important and synthetically useful 2-amino-1,4-naphthoquinones and 2-amino-3-indolylnaphthoquinones with good yields under mild conditions. The present protocol is simple, practical and shows good functional group tolerance. In addition, the obtained 2-amino-3-indolylnaphthoquinones were further transformed to synthesize polycyclic N-heterocycles.