Effects of critical interfacial shear strength between a polymer matrix and carbon nanotubes on the interphase strength and Pukanszky's “B” interphase parameter
In this paper, the “B” interphase parameter in the Pukanszky model and interphase strength for polymer carbon nanotube (CNT) nanocomposites are expressed by the critical interfacial shear strength (τc) and interfacial shear strength (τ) between a polymer matrix and CNTs. A suggested model and a developed Pukanszky model for tensile strength of nanocomposites are combined to develop the equations for “B” and interphase strength. Many experimental data for various samples confirm the models. The impacts of all parameters on the “B” and interphase strength are explained to approve the developed equations. The contour plots display the same trends for the roles of all parameters in the “B” and interphase strength. Low “τc”, high “τ”, thin and large CNTs as well as a dense interphase are ideal to obtain the high levels for “B” and interphase strength. Among the studied parameters, CNT size largely controls the “B” and interphase strength, while the waviness and strength of CNTs play insignificant roles.