Retracted Article: Investigation of yellow horn (Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge) transcriptome in response to different abiotic stresses: a comparative RNA-Seq study†
Yellow horn (Xanthoceras sorbifolia Bunge) is a well-known oil-rich seed shrub which can grow well in barren and arid environments in the northern part of China. Yellow horn has received worldwide attention because of its excellent economic and environmental value. However, because of its limited genetic data, little information can be found regarding the molecular defense mechanisms of yellow horn exposed to various abiotic stresses. In view of this, the current study aims to investigate the impact of different abiotic stresses (i.e. NaCl, ABA and low temperature) on the transcriptome of yellow horn using RNA-Seq. Based on the transcriptome sequencing data, approximately 27% to 45% of stress-responsive genes were found highly expressed after stress treatment for 24 h. In addition, these genes were found to be still expressed after stress treatment for 48 h. However, many additional genes were stress-regulated after 48 h treatment compared with the 24 h treatment. GO enrichment analysis revealed that the expression patterns of the stress-responsive, type-specific terms were generally down-regulated. Most shared GO terms were primarily involved in protein folding, unfolding protein binding, protein transport and protein modification. Further, transcription factors (TFs), such as ERFs, bHLH, GRAS and NAC, were found to be enriched only in the low temperature treatment group, particularly the ERF TFs families. These combined results suggested that yellow horn may have developed specific molecular defense systems against diverse abiotic stresses.