Counterion coupled (COCO) gemini surfactant capped Ag/Au alloy and Ag@Au core–shell nanoparticles for cancer therapy†
Hybrid silver (Ag)–gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) with different sizes and compositions were synthesized. Ag/Au alloy and Ag@Au core–shell type NPs were prepared from Ag and Au with various ratios using the COCO gemini surfactant, 1,6-bis (N,N-hexadecyldimethylammonium) adipate (COCOGS), 16-6-16 as a stabilizer. The formation of the Ag/Au alloy and Ag@Au core–shell was confirmed by UV-visible absorption spectroscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns. Depending on the composition of the Ag/Au alloy NPs, the λmax values varied from 408 nm to 525 nm. FTIR measurements were used to evaluate the adsorption of the COCO gemini surfactant (16-6-16) on the Ag/Au alloy and Ag@Au core–shell surface. In this present work, we study how to achieve the stability and activity of the COCO gemini surfactant (16-6-16) capped Ag/Au alloy and Ag@Au core–shell NPs for developing novel anti-cancer agents by evaluating their potentials in the Hep-2 cell line model. Thus the developed core–shell NPs were possibly involved in inducing cytotoxicity followed by inhibition of cell proliferation to the cancer cells with apoptosis induction. The developed core–shell NPs might serve as highly applicable agents in the development of next-generation cancer chemotherapeutic agents.