Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 49, 2019
Previous Article Next Article

Molecular orientation and stability of poly(3-hexylthiophene) nanogratings affected by the fabricated solvent vapor

Author affiliations

Abstract

During the nanoimprinting lithography (NIL) process, the role of solvent vapor in fabricating the pattern structure and inducing the molecular alignment of nanoimprinted polymer film has been attracting significant attention. We demonstrate here that the molecular orientation and thermal stability of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) nanograting film can be affected obviously by the fabricated solvent vapor. A solvent-vapor nanoimprinting lithography (SV-NIL) technique based on a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) template is employed to fabricate a P3HT nanograting structure film successfully and solvent vapor is offered by chlorobenzene, chloroform and carbon disulphide, respectively. The molecular orientation of the polymer film is carefully characterized by grazing incidence wide angle X-ray diffraction (GIWAXD) measurements to investigate the effect of various solvent vapors on the molecular orientation of the P3HT nanograting film. For the P3HT nanograting film fabricated by chloroform and chlorobenzene solvent, the edge-on molecular orientation of the typical form II crystallographic structure is induced. However, this indicates that there are both the face-on molecular orientations of the form II and form I crystallographic conformation present for the P3HT nanograting film fabricated by carbon disulphide solvent. Therefore, the fabricated solvent vapor plays a significant role in determining the formation of the molecular orientation of the polymer nanostructure. Then, the role of thermal annealing in the stability of the molecular orientation was investigated for the P3HT nanograting film after a fixed temperature. As for the annealed nanograting film fabricated by chlorobenzene and chloroform solvent vapor, a single edge-on molecular orientation mode of the form I crystallographic structure has been obtained. However, for the annealed nanograting film fabricated by the carbon disulphide solvent, the edge-on and face-on molecular orientations of the form I crystallographic structure are still retained. This indicates that the stability of the form II crystallographic conformation is mainly dependent on the thermal annealing process. Therefore, after the annealing process, the final determining of the molecular alignment and crystallographic conformation depends significantly on the orientation type of the nanograting film before the annealing history, and it can be further inferred that the molecular orientation of the annealed polymer film is still affected by the fabricated solvent vapor significantly. Thus this will provide new understanding and guidance for the research of the topographical structure and molecular alignment of conjugated polymers.

Graphical abstract: Molecular orientation and stability of poly(3-hexylthiophene) nanogratings affected by the fabricated solvent vapor

Back to tab navigation

Supplementary files

Publication details

The article was received on 23 Jul 2019, accepted on 29 Aug 2019 and first published on 11 Sep 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C9RA05693A
RSC Adv., 2019,9, 28648-28656
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
  •   Request permissions

    Molecular orientation and stability of poly(3-hexylthiophene) nanogratings affected by the fabricated solvent vapor

    M. Qian, Z. Song, G. Ding, Z. Hu and J. Liu, RSC Adv., 2019, 9, 28648
    DOI: 10.1039/C9RA05693A

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material and it is not used for commercial purposes.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements