Suture retention strength of P(LLA-CL) tissue-engineered vascular grafts
The suture retention strength of artificial vascular grafts is a key mechanical property that affects the function of the grafts. Different from the conventional method of testing the suture retention strength, this study simulated the actual suturing state of vascular scaffolds approximately and investigated the effect of graft type, graft wall thickness, and number of stitches on the suture retention strength of poly(L-lactide-co-ε-caprolactone) P(LLA-CL) vascular grafts. The results showed that the P(LLA-CL) tissue-engineered vascular scaffolds have excellent suture performance and, when the graft wall thickness is greater than 0.24 mm, the suture retention strength will meet the vascular transplantation standard. Under the same conditions, the greater the number of stitches, the more uniform the force of the anastomosis and then the greater the suture retention strength. This experiment provides a more comprehensive and accurate suture retention strength value for the application of P(LLA-CL) tissue engineered vascular grafts, which helps to guide the further optimization of tissue-engineered vascular grafts to meet specific mechanical performance requirements.