A highly sensitive and selective spectrofluorimetric method for the determination of cerium at pico-trace levels in some real, environmental, biological, soil, food and bone samples using 2-(α-pyridyl)-thioquinaldinamide
A very simple, ultra-sensitive and highly selective non-extractive new spectrofluorimetric method is presented for the determination of cerium at pico-trace levels using 2-(α-pyridyl)-thioquinaldinamide (PTQA). PTQA has been proposed as a new analytical reagent for the direct non-extractive spectrofluorimetric determination of cerium(IV). This novel fluorimetric reagent, PTQA becomes oxidized in a slightly acidic (0.0005–0.0015 M H2SO4) solution with cerium(IV) in absolute ethanol to produce a highly fluorescent oxidized product (λex = 303 nm; λem = 370 nm). Constant and maximum fluorescence intensities were observed over a wide range of acidity (0.0005–0.0015 M H2SO4) for the period between 5 min and 24 h. Linear calibration graphs were obtained for 0.001–600 μg L−1 of Ce, having a detection limit of 0.1 ng L−1; the quantification limit of the reaction system was found to be 1 ng L−1 and the RSD was 0–2%. A large excess of over 60 cations, anions and complexing agents (like, chloride, phosphate, azide, tartrate, oxalate, SCN− etc.) do not interfere in the determination. The developed method was successfully used in the determination of cerium in several certified reference materials (alloys, steels, noodles, ores and sediments) as well as in some environmental waters (potable and polluted), biological fluids (human blood, urine and milk), soil samples, food samples (vegetable, rice, corn and wheat), bone samples (human, cow, bull, fish, hen, goat, sheep), solutions containing both cerium(III) and cerium(IV) and complex. The results of the proposed method for assessing biological, food and vegetables samples were comparable with ICP-OES and were found to be in excellent agreement.