In situ aluminium ions regulation for quantum efficiency and light stability promotion in white light emitting material†
In this study, we have proposed an in situ ion regulation strategy to assemble a white-light-emitting material with high stability and efficiency. A fluorescence tunable hybrid material was first fabricated by a “ship around the bottle” method in which the fluorescent dyes, disodium 2-naphthol-3,6-disulfonate (R) and ZnO Quantum Dots (QDs), were embedded into metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) in proportion. Then, the competition coordination of aluminium ions over zinc ions to R were utilized to subtly adjust the intensity of blue fluorescence, leading to an ideal white light with Commission Internationale de l'Eclairage (CIE) coordinates of (0.30, 0.33) and a high Color-Rendering Index (CRI) value of 93%. Compared with the material fabricated by the ratio tuning of the R salt and ZnO QDs directly, the in situ ions regulation strategy enabled the final product to have a higher quantum efficiency and light stability. Moreover, this strategy also settled the non-tunable problem of fluorescence due to the competition coordination effects of aluminium ions and zinc ions in the same synthetic system. This synthetic strategy and our new findings can provide more ideas for designing new white-light-emitting materials.