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Issue 50, 2018
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Enhanced H2 sorption performance of magnesium hydride with hard-carbon-sphere-wrapped nickel

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Abstract

Magnesium hydride is regarded as one of the most ideal candidates for hydrogen storage, but its relatively high operating temperatures and slow kinetics always hinder its commercial applications. Herein, we first fabricated hard-carbon-sphere-wrapped Ni (Ni/HCS) via a mild chemical method; subsequently, the as-prepared additive was introduced to fabricate an Mg–Ni/HCS composite by using hydriding combustion synthesis. Hard carbon spheres (HCS) effectively inhibited the agglomeration of hydride particles during hydrogen storage cycling; they could also provide active sites to promote the nucleation of Mg-based hydrides. During the hydriding combustion synthesis procedure, in situ-formed Mg2NiH4 could induce the absorption of MgH2, thus triggering its hydrogen properties. Remarkable enhancement in hydrogen absorption properties of the composite was found. The composite absorbed 6.0 wt% H2 within 5 min at 275 °C; moreover, even at 75 °C, it could still absorb 3.5 wt% H2. Furthermore, it delivered a high reversible hydrogen absorption capacity of 6.2 wt% and excellent rate capability at 350 °C. It was also demonstrated that the composite could release 6.2 wt% H2 at 350 °C within 5 min. A rather low activation energy value (65.9 kJ mol−1) for the dehydrogenation of MgH2 was calculated as compared to that for commercial MgH2 (133.5 kJ mol−1).

Graphical abstract: Enhanced H2 sorption performance of magnesium hydride with hard-carbon-sphere-wrapped nickel

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jun 2018, accepted on 13 Jul 2018 and first published on 13 Aug 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8RA05464A
RSC Adv., 2018,8, 28787-28796
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Enhanced H2 sorption performance of magnesium hydride with hard-carbon-sphere-wrapped nickel

    D. Peng, Z. Ding, Y. Fu, Y. Wang, J. Bi, Y. Li and S. Han, RSC Adv., 2018, 8, 28787
    DOI: 10.1039/C8RA05464A

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