Optical properties and ionic conductivity studies of an 8 MeV electron beam irradiated poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene)/LiClO4 electrolyte film for opto-electronic applications
The influence of 8 MeV energy electron beam (EB) irradiation on optical properties and ionic conductivity of PVDF–HFP/LiClO4 (90 : 10 PHL10) electrolyte film with 40, 80 and 120 kGy doses. The FT-IR results show that CO bond stretching at 1654 cm−1 is due to the degradation of polymer chains and the CH2 bond wagging intensity at 1405 cm−1 corresponds to C–H bond scissioning in the 120 kGy dose irradiated film. 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy was performed and the 13C NMR spectra confirm the effect of EB irradiation of the PHL10 polymer electrolyte by sharpening and splitting the spectral lines with increasing EB dose and revealing a new spectral line at 162.80 ppm with a 120 kGy EB dose. The size and shape of the porous morphology was drastically changed, becoming deeply porous with a visible inner hollow shaped structure, suggesting increased amorphous character upon irradiation. The absorption band of the unirradiated film observed at 202 nm in the ultraviolet region is shifted to 274 nm after irradiation due to inter band transition of electrons from the valence band to the conduction band and the optical band gap decreasing from 3.49 eV in the unirradiated film to 2.64 eV with a 120 kGy EB dose. Segmental motion in the polymer matrix leads to a decrease in the local viscosity by increasing the mobility of ions upon irradiation. Nyquist plots show semicircles at high frequency due to Li-ion migration through the porous surface of the electrolyte film. A maximum ionic conductivity of 8.28 × 10−4 S cm−1 was obtained with a 120 kGy EB dose and the observed cyclic voltammetry of the irradiated polymer electrolyte suggests it is electrochemically stable.