Functional manganese ferrite/graphene oxide nanocomposites: effects of graphene oxide on the adsorption mechanisms of organic MB dye and inorganic As(v) ions from aqueous solution
In this study, manganese ferrite-graphene oxide (MFO-GO) nanocomposites were prepared via a co-precipitation reaction of Fe3+ and Mn2+ ions in a GO suspension. The effects of graphene oxide on the physicochemical characteristics, magnetic properties and adsorption activities of the MFO-GO nanocomposites were studied. Methylene blue (MB) and arsenic(V) were used in this study as model water pollutants. With an increase in the GO content in the range of 10 wt% to 50 wt%, the removal efficiency for both MB dye and arsenic(V) ions was improved. Our adsorption data revealed that the adsorption behavior of MB dye showed good agreement with the Langmuir isotherm model and pseudo-second-order equation, whereas the Freundlich isotherm model was more suitable for simulating the adsorption process of arsenic(V) ions on the MFO-GO nanocomposites. In addition, an important role of the GO content in the adsorption mechanisms of both MB dye and arsenic(V) ions was found, in which GO nanosheets play a key role in the mechanisms of electrostatic/ionic interactions, oxygen-containing groups and π–π conjugation in the case of the adsorption of MB dye, whereas the role of the GO content is mainly related to the mechanism of electrostatic/ionic interactions in the case of the adsorption of arsenic(V). Graphene oxide has the functions of increasing the number of active binding sites comprising oxygen-containing functional groups, reducing the agglomeration of MFO nanoparticles, increasing the number of adsorption sites, and improving the electrostatic/ionic interactions between adsorbents and adsorbates in order to enhance the adsorption performance of cationic organic dyes and/or heavy metal anions from aqueous solutions.