A facile synthesis of contorted spirobisindane-diamine and its microporous polyimides for gas separation†
Microporous polyimides (PIM-PIs, KAUST-PIs) and polymers containing Tröger's base (TB) derivatives with improved permeability and selectivity have great importance for separation of environmental gas pairs. Despite the tremendous progress in this field, facile synthesis of microporous polymers at the industrial scale via designing new monomers is still lacking. In this study, a new potential approach for large scale synthesis of spirobisindane diamine (DAS) (3) has been reported from commercially available 5,5′,6,6′-tetrahydroxy-3,3,3′,3′-tetramethyl-1,1′-spirobisindane (TTSBI) and 3,4-difluoronitrobenzene. A series of DAS diamine based microporous polyimides were also synthesized. The resulting polymer membranes showed high mechanical and thermal properties with tunable gas separation performance.