Lipidomic characterisation discovery for coronary heart disease diagnosis based on high-throughput ultra-performance liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry†
Although many diagnostic tools have been developed for coronary heart disease (CHD), its diagnosis is still challenging. Lipids play an important role in diseases and a lipidomics approach could offer a platform to clarify the pathogenesis and pathologic changes of this disease. To the best of our knowledge, no lipidomics studies on serum have been attempted to improve the diagnosis and identify the potential biomarkers of CHD. The aim of this study was to investigate the distinctive lipid changes in serum samples of CHD patients and to identify candidate biomarkers for the reliable diagnosis of CHD using this platform. In this study, the serum lipid profiles of CHD patients were measured via ultra-performance liquid chromatography-G2-Si-high definition mass spectrometry combined with multivariate data analysis. A MetaboAnalyst tool was used for the analysis of the receiver operating-characteristic, while the IPA software was applied for the pathway analysis. The obtained results inferred that 33 lipid molecular species involving 6 fatty acids, 21 glycerophospholipids and 6 sphingolipids have significant differences in the serum of CHD patients. Simultaneously, 4 upstream regulatory proteins related to lipid metabolism disorders of CHD were predicted. Ten lipids have high clinical diagnostic significance according to the receiver operating-characteristic curves. This research shows that the in-depth study of lipids in the serum contributes to the clinical diagnosis of CHD and interprets the occurrence and development of CHD.