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Issue 57, 2017, Issue in Progress
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Synthesis and characterization of novel star-branched polyimides derived from 2,2-bis[4-(2,4-diaminophenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane

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Abstract

A novel aromatic fluorinated tetramine, 2,2-bis[4-(2,4-diaminophenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane (BDAPFP), was successfully synthesized. To maximize the advantages of the linear polyimides and hyperbranched polyimides, a series of novel star-branched fluorinated polyimides BPI-(1–3), which were derived from BDAPFP and anhydride-terminated linear poly(amide acid)s LPAA′-(1–3), were successfully synthesized. For comparison, a series of corresponding linear polyimides LPI-(1–3) were prepared from 4,4′-oxybisbenzenamine (ODA), p-phenylenediamine (PDA) and 3,3′,4,4′-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPDA) with various monomer ratios via the conventional two-step procedure with heating, imidization method. All the polyimides could form strong, flexible and transparent films with an UV-visible absorption cut-off wavelength at 366–398 nm. When compared with the linear polyimide films LPI-(1–3), the star-branched fluorinated polyimide films BPI-(1–3) not only possessed better thermal stability with glass transition temperatures of 283.0–318.0 °C and 5% weight loss temperatures of 544–578 °C and 500–560 °C in nitrogen and air, respectively, but also had improved mechanical properties with tensile strengths of 113–243 MPa, elongation at break of 9.44–9.70% and tensile modulus of 2.09–3.74 GPa. Moreover, the star-branched polyimide films BPI-(1–3) exhibited lower water absorptions of 0.35–0.52%, better dielectric properties with lower dielectric constants of 2.72–3.12 and lower dielectric losses of 0.0028–0.0040 at 1000 kHz.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis and characterization of novel star-branched polyimides derived from 2,2-bis[4-(2,4-diaminophenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane

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Publication details

The article was received on 19 May 2017, accepted on 11 Jul 2017 and first published on 19 Jul 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C7RA05643E
RSC Adv., 2017,7, 35786-35794
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    Synthesis and characterization of novel star-branched polyimides derived from 2,2-bis[4-(2,4-diaminophenoxy)phenyl]hexafluoropropane

    F. Wu, X. Zhou and X. Yu, RSC Adv., 2017, 7, 35786
    DOI: 10.1039/C7RA05643E

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