Jump to main content
Jump to site search
Access to RSC content Close the message box

Continue to access RSC content when you are not at your institution. Follow our step-by-step guide.


Issue 2, 2017
Previous Article Next Article

Nanostructured ZnO thin films for self-cleaning applications

Author affiliations

Abstract

Controlling the properties of nanostructured zinc oxide (ZnO) is an interesting way to broaden its multifunctionality. ZnO nanostructured films were grown on glass substrates under different conditions by a simple two-step wet chemical method. A low-cost successive ionic layer adsorption and reaction (SILAR) method was used to grow ZnO seed layers at 80 °C. Then, different hierarchical based ZnO nanostructured thin films were deposited onto the ZnO seed layers by chemical bath deposition (CBD). The influence of deposition time (tD) and pH on the surface morphology, wettability behavior, structural and optical properties of the ZnO nanostructured films were systematically investigated. The structural, morphological, optical and wetting properties were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning microscopy (FE-SEM), UV-Vis spectrophotometer, and water contact angle (WCA) measurement, respectively. The surface morphology revealed a complex and orientated hierarchical based ZnO nanostructured films with diverse shapes from hexagonal nanorods to hexagonal nanoplates and even much more complex plates/rods and flower-like shapes by changing deposition time and pH of the precursor. XRD results confirm the synthesis of nanostructured ZnO of the hexagonal structure with a preferential orientation along the (002) lattice plane. The average crystallite size, D, is altered between 41.41 to 68.43 nm dependent on the morphology of the ZnO film and pH of the precursor. At pH 6.5, the films are hydrophilic for 10 h ≤ tD ≤ 6 h and hydrophobic for 6 h < tD < 10 h. The wetting properties of the films were enhanced by increasing or decreasing pH around 6.5. Morphology and thickness of the ZnO nanostructure could efficiently control the transmittance, absorbance, optical band gap, and the extinction coefficient of the films. The optical band gap is blue shifted from 2.45 to 3.62 eV@pH 6.5 as the deposition time increased from 2 to 8 h and blue shifted from 2.72 to 3.62 eV@8 h as the pH value increased from 5.5 to 6.5. The existence of stable hydrophobic zinc oxide nanostructured films at room temperature at a large-scale and with band gaps around 3.62 eV supports their use in self-cleaning and gas sensing applications.

Graphical abstract: Nanostructured ZnO thin films for self-cleaning applications

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
06 Oct 2016
Accepted
17 Nov 2016
First published
03 Jan 2017

This article is Open Access

RSC Adv., 2017,7, 617-631
Article type
Paper

Nanostructured ZnO thin films for self-cleaning applications

M. Shaban, M. Zayed and H. Hamdy, RSC Adv., 2017, 7, 617
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA24788A

This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material and it is not used for commercial purposes.

Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

  • For reproduction of material from NJC:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
    [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
  • For reproduction of material from PPS:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
  • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
    [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.


Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements