Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 110, 2016, Issue in Progress
Previous Article Next Article

Synthesis of zinc oxide/talc nanocomposite for enhanced lead adsorption from aqueous solutions

Author affiliations

Abstract

In this study, talc was modified with zinc oxide nanoparticles to form a ZnO/talc nanocomposite. The nanocomposite was characterized using X-ray powder diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, nitrogen adsorption/desorption, field emission scanning electron microscopy. The characterization revealed that ZnO nanoparticles were well incorporated with the talc. The adsorption efficiency of the prepared nanocomposite was evaluated for Pb(II) removal from aqueous solution. The related parameters such as agitating time, dosage and pH, were optimized. Adsorption characteristics of the talc, and ZnO/talc nanocomposite were compared and the results showed that ZnO/talc nanocomposite had the highest adsorption capacity. The kinetic sorption data were found to fit the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. The experimental isotherm data of lead adsorption were examined using the Freundlich and the Langmuir models. The maximum lead adsorption capacity of the adsorbent was determined as 48.3 mg g−1. The mechanism of adsorption was found to be controlled by electrostatic attraction on the nanocomposite. The overall results indicated the prepared nanocomposite can be employed as an alternative for Pb(II) removal from wastewater.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of zinc oxide/talc nanocomposite for enhanced lead adsorption from aqueous solutions

Back to tab navigation

Article information


Submitted
02 Oct 2016
Accepted
02 Nov 2016
First published
07 Nov 2016

RSC Adv., 2016,6, 108819-108827
Article type
Paper

Synthesis of zinc oxide/talc nanocomposite for enhanced lead adsorption from aqueous solutions

H. A. Sani, M. B. Ahmad and T. A. Saleh, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 108819
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA24615J

Social activity

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements