Regioselective “hydroamination” of alk-3-ynones with non-symmetrical o-phenylenediamines. Synthesis of diversely substituted 3H-1,5-benzodiazepines via (Z)-3-amino-2-alkenones†
The reaction of alk-3-yn-1-ones (a bifunctional reagent) with o-phenylenediamines provides an effective synthetic method with high atom economy for the preparation of diversely substituted 1,5-3H-benzodiazepines. The reaction initially leads to the formation of conjugated enaminones (3-amino-2-alkenones, 51–99%), at room temperature, which constitutes a formal non-catalyzed hydroamination of the non-conjugated alkyne. Non-symmetrical o-phenylenediamines react in a regioselective fashion with respect to amino groups. Both the direct microwave-accelerated reaction of o-phenylenediamines with alkynones in ethanol and the intramolecular cyclization of intermediate enaminones in ethanol/acetic acid lead to substituted 1,5-benzodiazepines with good yields (39–92 and 26–99%). The regio- and stereochemical outcomes of these processes are confirmed by the X-ray structure determination of (Z)-3-[(2-amino-4-methylanilino)-4-(4-methylphenyl)-1-phenylbut-2-en-1-one], 4-[(4-methylphenyl)methyl]-7-nitro-2-phenyl-3H-1,5-benzodiazepine and 6,8-dimethyl-4-(4-methylbenzyl)-2-phenyl-3H-benzo[b][1,5]diazepine.