Advances in Fe-based biodegradable metallic materials
In recent years, biodegradable metallic materials, such as Mg-, Fe-, Zn- and W-based materials, have been the focus of many studies. As one of the two most studied types of biodegradable metallic materials, Fe-based materials have aroused a great deal of interest because of their outstanding mechanical properties, which are similar to stainless steel. The processing methods can directly affect the microstructure of the material and influence the mechanical and degradation properties of the material. Furthermore, biocompatibility is directly affected by the degradation properties. Therefore, the processing methods, mechanical properties, degradability and biocompatibility are several of the main concerns in the study of biodegradable Fe-based materials. Here, we systematically summarize recent studies on Fe-based materials and discuss these findings in terms of their processing methods, degradability and biocompatibility.