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Issue 94, 2016, Issue in Progress
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Controlled synthesis of nanotubes and nanowires decorated with TiO2 nanocuboids with exposed highly reactive (111) facets to produce enhanced photoelectrochemical properties

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Abstract

The ability to control the exposure of facets of a crystal has been garnering considerable attention due to the fascinating dependence of the physical properties of crystals on their shapes. Herein, a TiO2WT photoelectrode decorated with anatase TiO2 nanocuboids (TiO2C111WTs) displaying high-energy exposed (111) facets and quantum dot dimensions was prepared for the first time by using a TiCl4 treatment process. F and NH4+ were introduced together to limit the randomness of the TiCl4 hydrolysates. We propose that both F and NH4+ were necessary for controlling the exposure of the (111) facets. In comparison with TiO2WT photoelectrodes decorated with either randomly deposited TiO2 nanoparticles (non-facet) or with TiO2 nanofilms or with TiO2 nanocuboids displaying exposed {001} facets (denoted as TiO2PWT, TiO2FWT and TiO2C001WT photoelectrodes, respectively), the hybrid-structured TiO2C111WT photoelectrode achieved superior PEC performances, with Jsc and photoconversion efficiency values of 0.97 mA cm−2 and 0.49%. This enhancement was attributed to the exposure of the highly active (111) facets and the increased specific surface area of TiO2C111WTs. Meanwhile, the photoactive (111) facets offered oxygen vacancies, resulting in an increase of donor density and the enhancement of PEC performances. These facets also promoted the adsorption of CdS QDs and hence further sensitization. The CdS/TiO2C111WTs achieved Jsc and photoconversion efficiency values of 3.95 mA cm−2 and 2.05%, which were about twice those of CdS/TiO2WTs.

Graphical abstract: Controlled synthesis of nanotubes and nanowires decorated with TiO2 nanocuboids with exposed highly reactive (111) facets to produce enhanced photoelectrochemical properties

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Aug 2016, accepted on 09 Sep 2016 and first published on 09 Sep 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA20338H
RSC Adv., 2016,6, 91370-91376

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    Controlled synthesis of nanotubes and nanowires decorated with TiO2 nanocuboids with exposed highly reactive (111) facets to produce enhanced photoelectrochemical properties

    D. Ding, B. Zhou, S. Feng, L. Liu, F. Feng, R. A, P. Su, J. Wang, W. Fu and H. Yang, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 91370
    DOI: 10.1039/C6RA20338H

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