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Issue 54, 2016, Issue in Progress
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Recent trends in nano-based drug delivery systems for efficient delivery of phytochemicals in chemotherapy

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Abstract

The advent of nanotechnology has revolutionized various scientific inventions, out of which the debut of nanomedicine is outstanding. Especially, research has embarked on nano-drug delivery for treating cancer. Natural compounds present in plants, namely phytochemicals, have been extensively exploited for their anticancer properties. Despite their excellent anticancer abilities, phytochemicals are limited by their low water solubility and poor bioavailability. However, the field of nanotechnology has overcome these limitations. This review focusses on various methods of nano-drug delivery of phytochemicals against the killer disease, cancer. Common carriers that were employed ranged from micelles, with a polymeric base, to dendrimers, liposomes and nanoparticles. The phytochemicals were found to become more soluble when delivered by the nanocarriers and exhibited a remarkable effect on the cancer cells, compared to their free form. More interestingly, the half-maximal dose of the phytochemical was reduced significantly when it was delivered by the nanocarrier. On the whole, this review encourages the idea of “cancer-nanotechnology” after in-depth clinical studies on these phytochemical-loaded nanocarriers. Moreover, it will epitomize the nanocarriers as a crusader in improving cancer chemotherapy by reducing undesired effects and will invigorate site-specific drug delivery.

Graphical abstract: Recent trends in nano-based drug delivery systems for efficient delivery of phytochemicals in chemotherapy

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Article information


Submitted
25 Mar 2016
Accepted
29 Apr 2016
First published
04 May 2016

RSC Adv., 2016,6, 48294-48314
Article type
Review Article

Recent trends in nano-based drug delivery systems for efficient delivery of phytochemicals in chemotherapy

A. P. Subramanian, S. K. Jaganathan, A. Manikandan, K. N. Pandiaraj, G. N and E. Supriyanto, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 48294
DOI: 10.1039/C6RA07802H

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