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Issue 34, 2016
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β-Cyclodextrin supported MoO3–CeO2 nanocomposite material as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for degradation of phenol

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Abstract

With the aim of efficiently degrading organic pollutants through an easily operated procedure, a series of MoO3–CeO2 and β-cyclodextrin supported MoO3–CeO2 nano-composite materials were synthesized by using a co-precipitation method. A surfactant such as Cetyl Trimethyl Ammonium Bromide (CTAB) was used during the synthesis of this nano-composite material. These prepared catalysts are thoroughly characterized by various techniques such as XRD, BET, FT-IR, pyridine adsorbed FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy, SEM and TEM. The XRD study results suggested the formation of nanocrystalline materials which is also clearly observed from the SEM and TEM analysis. Raman measurements disclosed the presence of oxygen vacancies and lattice defects in all synthesized nano-composite samples. The catalytic activities of the synthesized materials were successfully tested for the degradation of phenol by using hydrogen peroxide at room temperature. It is surprising that the phenol degradation efficiency of the β-cyclodextrin supported MoO3–CeO2 nano-composite material is exhibited higher than that of other materials, which has been mainly attributed to the promoting effect of β-cyclodextrin. The degradation reaction is carried out at room temperature with continuous stirring and without light irradiation. Therefore, this degradation reaction is different from conventional heterogeneous catalysis or photocatalysis, in which the pollutants cannot be degraded completely, but it may transform from one phase to another phase. The gradual decrease in COD value shows the degradation of phenol that leads to the conversion of organic compounds into harmless gaseous CO2 and inorganic ions. Thus, this reported phenol degradation reaction is a quite promising green technology, which could be widely applied in practice.

Graphical abstract: β-Cyclodextrin supported MoO3–CeO2 nanocomposite material as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for degradation of phenol

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Dec 2015, accepted on 14 Mar 2016 and first published on 14 Mar 2016


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C5RA25966E
Citation: RSC Adv., 2016,6, 28679-28687

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    β-Cyclodextrin supported MoO3–CeO2 nanocomposite material as an efficient heterogeneous catalyst for degradation of phenol

    M. E. Navgire, P. Gogoi, B. Mallesham, A. Rangaswamy, B. M. Reddy and M. K. Lande, RSC Adv., 2016, 6, 28679
    DOI: 10.1039/C5RA25966E

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