Photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue in ZIF-8
Metal–organic frameworks (MOFs), a new class of porous crystalline materials, have attracted great interest as a promising candidate for sustainable energy and environmental remediation. In this study, ZIF-8, a versatile MOF based on imidazolate ligands, was selected as a photocatalyst to decompose methylene blue (MB) under UV light irradiation. The influence factors, kinetics, and mechanism of photocatalytic MB degradation and stability of ZIF-8, were also studied. The results revealed that the ZIF-8 photocatalyst exhibited efficiently photocatalytic activity for MB degradation under UV irradiation, which was confirmed through the detection of hydroxyl radicals (˙OH) by a fluorescence method. The MB degradation over the ZIF-8 photocatalyst followed a pseudo-first-order kinetics model. ZIF-8 worked effectively over a wide pH range from 4.0 to 12.0, and showed both high adsorption capacity and degradation efficiency for MB in a strong alkaline environment. The enhanced efficiency in a strong alkaline environment resulted from the higher charged ZIF-8 (pH > pHpzc) and the elevated yield of ˙OH facilitated by increased OH− concentration. The possible pathway of photocatalytic degradation of MB in ZIF-8 was proposed. The results indicated that ZIF-8 can be used as a highly efficient photocatalyst to decompose organic pollutants.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Adsorption and degradation of pollutants