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Issue 84, 2014
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Inclusion of 4-pyrrolidinopyridine derivatives in a symmetrical α,α′,δ,δ′-tetramethyl-cucurbit[6]uril and a Ba2+-driven pseudorotaxane with characteristic UV absorption changes

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Abstract

The host–guest interactions between a symmetrical α,α′,δ,δ′-tetramethyl-cucurbit[6]uril and three 4-pyrrolidinopyridine derivatives, specifically 4-pyrrolidinopyridine, N-butyl-4-pyrrolidinopyridine, and N-amyl-4-pyrrolidinopyridine, have been investigated both in aqueous solution and in the solid state using NMR spectroscopic methods, electronic absorption spectroscopy, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), and single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In aqueous solution, TMeQ[6] forms 1 : 1 inclusion complexes with these guests. Generally, TMeQ[6] preferentially accommodates the pyridyl moiety of these guests, which was confirmed by the crystal structures of its complexes with 4-pyrrolidinopyridine and N-butyl-4-pyrrolidinopyridine. Moreover, TMeQ[6] can form a thermodynamic inclusion complex with 4-pyrrolidinopyridine at elevated temperatures. The unthreading and rethreading of the TMeQ[6] ring can simulate a molecular-level plug/socket system, that can be reversibly driven by Ba2+/SO42−, and is accompanied by obvious changes in the UV absorption spectrum, both in wavelength and intensity.

Graphical abstract: Inclusion of 4-pyrrolidinopyridine derivatives in a symmetrical α,α′,δ,δ′-tetramethyl-cucurbit[6]uril and a Ba2+-driven pseudorotaxane with characteristic UV absorption changes

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
19 Jul 2014
Accepted
03 Sep 2014
First published
04 Sep 2014

RSC Adv., 2014,4, 44359-44366
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Inclusion of 4-pyrrolidinopyridine derivatives in a symmetrical α,α′,δ,δ′-tetramethyl-cucurbit[6]uril and a Ba2+-driven pseudorotaxane with characteristic UV absorption changes

B. Yang, X. Xiao, Y. Zhang, Q. Zhu, S. Xue, Z. Tao and G. Wei, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 44359
DOI: 10.1039/C4RA07314B

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