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Issue 11, 2014
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Plate-like LiFePO4 crystallite with preferential growth of (010) lattice plane for high performance Li-ion batteries

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Abstract

Plate-like LiFePO4 nanocrystallites with preferential growth of the (010) lattice plane are successfully prepared by a low temperature synthesis using a binary mixed solvent system of water and ethylene glycol (EG). A series of analyses, such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and selected area electron diffraction (SAED) were performed to characterize the structure and morphology of the as-obtained products. Compared with conventional LiFePO4 nanoparticles, the LiFePO4 nanoplates possess an enlarged (010) surface to volume ratio besides a reduced Li-ion transport length. Such preferential growth of the (010) lattice plane can strongly facilitate Li-diffusion and endow LiFePO4 with an excellent high rate performance as a Li-ion battery (LIB) cathode material. The LiFePO4 nanoplates exhibit a high Li-ion diffusion coefficient of 1.28 × 10−12 cm2 s−1 compared to that of LiFePO4 nanoparticles (i.e., 3.37 × 10−13 cm2 s−1). The as-obtained LiFePO4 nanoplates deliver great capacities of 113.4 mA h g−1 and 85.6 mA h g−1 even at 10 C and 20 C respectively. In addition, micro-nano-structured morphology control provides an additional strategy to obtain excellent LiFePO4 cathode materials with an excellent high rate performance and cycling stability.

Graphical abstract: Plate-like LiFePO4 crystallite with preferential growth of (010) lattice plane for high performance Li-ion batteries

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Oct 2013, accepted on 06 Nov 2013 and first published on 08 Nov 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3RA45755A
Citation: RSC Adv., 2014,4, 5746-5752

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    Plate-like LiFePO4 crystallite with preferential growth of (010) lattice plane for high performance Li-ion batteries

    R. Mei, X. Song, Y. Yang, Z. An and J. Zhang, RSC Adv., 2014, 4, 5746
    DOI: 10.1039/C3RA45755A

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