Comparative study on chemical composition of various biomass species
In this study, the chemical composition of 32 samples coming from 29 different biomass species including a gymnosperm, 2 dicotyledonous angiosperms, 17 monocotyledonous angiosperms and 9 algae species was successfully determined using an established method applicable to analyze various biomass species. The obtained data allowed a direct comparison of the biomass in their chemical composition. It was, thus, revealed that although the chemical composition differed from one species to another, and even from different parts of the same plants, similar trends were found in the composition of biomass species belonging to the same taxonomic group. Based on those results, it was clarified that the chemical composition of a biomass sample is related to its taxonomy. Therefore, typical chemical composition for each taxonomic group was proposed and the potential of each group for different biorefinery platforms could be defined.