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Issue 10, 2013
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Towards artificial neurons and synapses: a materials point of view

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Abstract

We overview several efforts to emulate functionalities of basic building blocks, i.e. neurons and synapses, of a mammal’s brain by means of non-biological inorganic systems. These efforts have been put to realize ambitious goals such as the achievement of artificial inorganic brains on silicon wafers, i.e. neuromorphic systems, and neuroprosthetic systems taking part in real brain functionalities by interfacing with real brains. In terms of the keywords, ‘threshold’, ‘analogue’, ‘plasticity’, and ‘elasticity’, which describe the behaviour of neurons and synapses, various functional systems, with particular emphasis on nanoionic systems, exhibiting these key behaviours, are dealt with in this review.

Graphical abstract: Towards artificial neurons and synapses: a materials point of view

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 Oct 2012, accepted on 24 Nov 2012 and first published on 27 Nov 2012


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C2RA22507G
RSC Adv., 2013,3, 3169-3183

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    Towards artificial neurons and synapses: a materials point of view

    D. Seok Jeong, I. Kim, M. Ziegler and H. Kohlstedt, RSC Adv., 2013, 3, 3169
    DOI: 10.1039/C2RA22507G

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