Guaiazulene revisited: a new material for green-processed optoelectronics†
Green-processed conjugated materials can reduce the cost of optoelectronic devices and simultaneously minimize their ecological footprint. Here, we use both solution and vapor phase chemistry to oxidatively polymerize the natural hydrocarbon dye, guaiazulene, yielding the more functional material poly(guaiazulene). We chemically characterize oligomers of poly(guaiazulene) using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, gel-permeation chromatography, laser-desorption ionization mass spectroscopy, and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy. The optical properties of poly(guaiazulene) oligomers are studied via electronic structure calculations and are contrasted to those of standard poly(azulene). We show that poly(guaiazulene) films synthesized from the vapor phase exhibit enhanced optical properties compared to counterparts synthesized in solution. Collectively, this work outlines a green reaction process that consists of a single step and uses earth-abundant reagents to yield a hitherto unreported polymer for optoelectronic applications.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Polymer Chemistry Pioneering Investigators 2021