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Issue 7, 2017
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Tuning the properties of α,ω-bis(trialkoxysilyl) telechelic copolyolefins from ruthenium-catalyzed chain-transfer ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP)

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Abstract

The synthesis of low viscosity liquid α,ω-bis(trialkoxysilyl) telechelic copolyolefins (DF) via ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP)/cross metathesis (CM) is reported. Copolymerization of a norbornene-based olefin (NB-OLF = norbornene (NB), ethylidene norbornene (ENB), methyl 5-norbornene-2-carboxylate (NBCOOMe), methyl 5-oxanorbornene-2-carboxylate (oxaNBCOOMe), or dicyclopentadiene (DCPD)) with a monocycloolefin (mOLF = cyclooctene (COE), 1,5-cyclooctadiene (COD), or 1,5,9-cyclododecatriene (CDT)) was carried out at 40 °C (except for DCPD at 23 °C) in CH2Cl2 for 24 h, using Grubbs’ 2nd generation catalyst (G2) and the bis(trialkoxysilyl)-functionalized symmetric acyclic alkene (RO)3Si(CH2)3NHC(O)OCH2CH[double bond, length as m-dash]CHCH2OC(O)NH(CH2)3Si(OR)3 (R = Me or Et) as the chain-transfer agent (CTA). The catalytic productivity (turnover numbers, TONs, up to 50 000 mol(comonomers) mol(Ru)−1 and 1250 mol(CTA 1) mol(Ru)−1) and selectivity (>85 wt%; only minor amounts of cyclic non-functionalized copolymers (CNFs) formed) toward the formation of the corresponding DFs were quite high, as evidenced by fractionation experiments and detailed 1D and 2D 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy and SEC analyses. The thermal and rheological properties of the random copolymers, assessed by DSC and viscosimetric analyses, could be tuned according to the nature and the ratio of the comonomers. At 23 °C, P(NBCOOMe-co-COE) and P(oxaNBCOOMe-co-COE) synthesized from a 50 : 50 ratio of comonomers displayed the lowest viscosity. Such silyl-modified polyolefins (SMPOs) are thus foreseen in possible industrial applications as one-component adhesives.

Graphical abstract: Tuning the properties of α,ω-bis(trialkoxysilyl) telechelic copolyolefins from ruthenium-catalyzed chain-transfer ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP)

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Dec 2016, accepted on 01 Jan 2017 and first published on 03 Jan 2017


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C6PY02092E
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2017,8, 1177-1187

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    Tuning the properties of α,ω-bis(trialkoxysilyl) telechelic copolyolefins from ruthenium-catalyzed chain-transfer ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP)

    X. Michel, S. Fouquay, G. Michaud, F. Simon, J. Brusson, P. Roquefort, T. Aubry, J. Carpentier and S. M. Guillaume, Polym. Chem., 2017, 8, 1177
    DOI: 10.1039/C6PY02092E

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