Synthesis of polyurethane containing carbon–carbon double bonds to prepare functionalizable ultrafine fibers via electrospinning
Polyurethanes (TPUs) containing carbon–carbon double bonds are synthesized for use as novel materials with the ability to form functionalizable ultrafine fibers via electrospinning. By adjusting the molecular structure, a series of TPU products with different amounts of carbon–carbon double bonds are obtained. After investigating the reactivity of the TPU with 1H,1H,2H,2H-perfluorooctanethiol, all of the TPU samples exhibit effective functionalizability. The more carbon–carbon double bonds contained in the molecular structure, the stronger the functionalizability. Besides, these TPUs can easily form uniform ultrafine fibers via electrospinning. Upon comparison, the functionalizability of the electrospun fibers is similar to that observed in the bulk TPU materials. This work suggests a feasible methodology to produce a functionalized ultrafine fibrous carrier. Accordingly, TPU containing carbon–carbon double bonds is expected to be exploited as a fibrous carrier of solid catalysts in the future.