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Issue 12, 2014
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Synthesis of a doubly thermo-responsive schizophrenic diblock copolymer based on poly[N-(4-vinylbenzyl)-N,N-diethylamine] and its temperature-sensitive flip-flop micellization

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Abstract

Synthesis of a doubly thermo-responsive schizophrenic diblock copolymer, poly(tert-butyl methacrylate)-block-poly[N-(4-vinylbenzyl)-N,N-diethylamine] (PtBMA-b-PVEA), by reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization and its temperature-sensitive flip-flop micellization are discussed. By employing 4-cyano-4-[(dodecylsulfanylthiocarbonyl) sulfanyl] pentanoic acid as the RAFT agent, the schizophrenic PtBMA-b-PVEA diblock copolymers with different block lengths were prepared. The poly(tert-butyl methacrylate) (PtBMA) block exhibits insoluble-to-soluble phase transition at the upper critical solution temperature (UCST) and the poly[N-(4-vinylbenzyl)-N,N-diethylamine] (PVEA) block exhibits soluble-to-insoluble phase transition at the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) in methanol, respectively. At temperatures below the UCST of the PtBMA block, PtBMA@PVEA micelles containing a PtBMA core and a PVEA corona are formed in methanol. At temperatures above the UCST of the PtBMA block while below the LCST of the PVEA block, PtBMA-b-PVEA is molecularly soluble in methanol. At temperatures above the LCST of the PVEA block, inverse PVEA@PtBMA micelles containing a PVEA core and a PtBMA corona are formed. The polymerization degree of the PtBMA block or the PVEA block affecting the UCST/LCST of the schizophrenic diblock copolymer and the size of the PtBMA@PVEA or PVEA@PtBMA micelles is investigated.

Graphical abstract: Synthesis of a doubly thermo-responsive schizophrenic diblock copolymer based on poly[N-(4-vinylbenzyl)-N,N-diethylamine] and its temperature-sensitive flip-flop micellization

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
18 Jan 2014
Accepted
25 Feb 2014
First published
04 Mar 2014

Polym. Chem., 2014,5, 3910-3918
Article type
Paper
Author version available

Synthesis of a doubly thermo-responsive schizophrenic diblock copolymer based on poly[N-(4-vinylbenzyl)-N,N-diethylamine] and its temperature-sensitive flip-flop micellization

S. Li, F. Huo, Q. Li, C. Gao, Y. Su and W. Zhang, Polym. Chem., 2014, 5, 3910
DOI: 10.1039/C4PY00077C

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