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Issue 10, 2012
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Chemically triggered C–ON bond homolysis of alkoxyamines. Part 4: solvent effect

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Abstract

In a recent work (Org. Lett., 2012, 14, 358), we showed that the rate constants kd for the C–ON bond homolysis of chemically activated alkoxyamines were subject to solvent effects. We then investigated solvent effects on the non-activated alkoxyamine 1 ((diethyl(1-(tert-butyl(1-(pyridin-4-yl)ethoxy)amino)-2,2-dimethylpropyl) phosphonate) and its N+–O oxide activated version 2, using 14 solvents exhibiting different solvent parameters – dipolar moments μ, dielectrical constants ε, cohesive pressures c, Reichardt solvent polarity constants ET, viscosity η, hydrogen bond donor and hydrogen bond acceptor constants α and β, respectively, and nitrogen hyperfine coupling constants aN. Weak solvent effects were observed both for 1 (4–5-fold from n-octane to 2,2,2-trifluoroethanol TFE) and for 2 (2-fold from n-octane to water) although kd increased 27-fold in n-octane and 19-fold in TFE from 1 to 2. It was shown that the C–ON bond homolysis rate constant kd increased with the aN values, meaning that the stabilization of the nitroxide was the main factor involved in the solvent effect. Approaches relying on the Koppel–Palm and Kalmet–Abboud–Taft relationships failed to describe the solvent effect for all diastereoisomers of 1 and 2. Nevertheless, the solvent polarity/polarizability (π*) and hydrogen bond donor (α) properties are the main effects involved in the solvent effects at TS and on products.

Graphical abstract: Chemically triggered C–ON bond homolysis of alkoxyamines. Part 4: solvent effect

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Jun 2012, accepted on 16 Jul 2012 and first published on 17 Jul 2012


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C2PY20447A
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2012,3, 2901-2908

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    Chemically triggered C–ON bond homolysis of alkoxyamines. Part 4: solvent effect

    G. Audran, P. Brémond, S. R. A. Marque and G. Obame, Polym. Chem., 2012, 3, 2901
    DOI: 10.1039/C2PY20447A

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