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Issue 1, 2019
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Ultrafast dynamics of the antibiotic Rifampicin in solution

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Rifampicin (Rif) is an effective antibiotic against mycobacterial infections and a wide range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The geometry, conformation and the intramolecular H-bond network of Rif can affect its antibacterial efficiency. In this work, we report on the excited-state dynamics of Rif in sodium phosphate buffer and dichloromethane solutions using femtosecond time-resolved spectroscopic methods. The femtosecond UV-Vis-nearIR transient absorption and fluorescence up-conversion experiments reveal an ultrafast (<100 fs) Franck–Condon relaxation with a partial charge transfer character in S1, and a short-lived emission (τ ∼ 6 ps) due to a non-radiative relaxation to the ground state, associated with the stretching of the vibrational mode of the Rif internal H-bond network. The large Stokes-shifted emission (∼6800 cm−1) indicates a significant electronic change in the excited-state. In deuterated potassium phosphate buffer, the decay time becomes longer (∼20 ps). The large kinetic isotope effect (KIE) of ∼4 on the decay rate indicates that the stretching modes of the internal H-bond network are slowed by the H/D isotope substitution. The results provide new information on the dynamics of Rif structures and the related processes in aqueous solutions, showing that the internal H-bonding interactions are the ones that govern the ground and excited state properties of Rif but water molecules exert additional stabilization of its zwitterionic form through intermolecular H-bonds, which is responsible for its high antimicrobial activity.

Graphical abstract: Ultrafast dynamics of the antibiotic Rifampicin in solution

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The article was received on 07 May 2018, accepted on 23 Sep 2018 and first published on 25 Sep 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8PP00192H
Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2019,18, 80-91

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    Ultrafast dynamics of the antibiotic Rifampicin in solution

    L. Angiolini, B. Cohen and A. Douhal, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2019, 18, 80
    DOI: 10.1039/C8PP00192H

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