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Issue 3, 2014
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Effect of torsional isomerization and inclusion complex formation with cucurbit[7]uril on the fluorescence of 6-methoxy-1-methylquinolinium

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Abstract

Inclusion of 6-methoxy-1-methylquinolinium (C1MQ) in the cavity of cucurbit[7]uril (CB7) was studied by absorption, fluorescence, NMR and isothermal calorimetric methods in aqueous solution at 298 K. The free C1MQ exhibited dual-exponential fluorescence decay kinetics due to the two torsional isomers differing in the orientation of the methoxy moiety relative to the heterocyclic ring. The enthalpy-driven encapsulation of the heterocycle in CB7 led to a very stable 1 : 1 complex with a binding constant of (2.0 ± 0.4) × 106 M−1. The rate of C1MQ–CB7 complex dissociation was found to be comparable to the NMR timescale. Because the methoxy moiety is oriented outward from the host, its s-cis–s-trans isomerization is slightly affected by the confinement. Inclusion complex formation significantly slowed down the photoinduced electron transfer from I and N3 to the singlet-excited C1MQ, but did not preclude the reaction because long distance electron transfer occurred through the wall of the CB7 macrocycle. Due to the large difference in the quenching rate constant for free and encapsulated forms, C1MQ is an excellent probe for the study of the inclusion of nonfluorescent compounds in CB7 in the presence of Cl or Br.

Graphical abstract: Effect of torsional isomerization and inclusion complex formation with cucurbit[7]uril on the fluorescence of 6-methoxy-1-methylquinolinium

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Publication details

The article was received on 04 Sep 2013, accepted on 25 Nov 2013 and first published on 26 Nov 2013


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C3PP50307K
Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2014,13, 499-508

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    Effect of torsional isomerization and inclusion complex formation with cucurbit[7]uril on the fluorescence of 6-methoxy-1-methylquinolinium

    Z. Miskolczy, J. G. Harangozó, L. Biczók, V. Wintgens, C. Lorthioir and C. Amiel, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2014, 13, 499
    DOI: 10.1039/C3PP50307K

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