Poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) is one of the most promising photovoltaic (PV) polymers in photocurrent therapy. A novel photosensitive scaffold for skin tissue engineering was fabricated by blending P3HT with polycaprolactone (PCL) and electrospun to obtain composite PCL/P3HT nanofibers with three different weight ratios of PCL : P3HT (w/w) of 150 : 2 [PCL/P3HT(2)], 150 : 10 [PCL/P3HT(10)] and 150 : 20 [PCL/P3HT(20)]. The photosensitive properties of the blend solutions and the composite nanofibers of PCL/P3HT were investigated. The incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiencies of the PCL/P3HT(2), PCL/P3HT(10), PCL/P3HT(20) were identified as 2.0 × 10−6, 1.6 × 10−5 and 2.9 × 10−5, respectively, which confirm the photosensitive ability of the P3HT-containing scaffolds. The biocompatibility of the scaffold was evaluated by culturing human dermal fibroblasts and the results showed that the proliferation of HDFs under light stimulation on PCL/P3HT(10) was 12.8%, 11.9%, and 11.6% (p ≤ 0.05) higher than the cell growth on PCL, PCL/P3HT(2) and PCL/P3HT(20), respectively. Human dermal fibroblasts cultured under light stimulation on PCL/P3HT(10) not only showed better cell proliferation but also retained cell morphology similar to the phenotype observed on tissue culture plates (control). Our experimental results suggest novel and potential application of an optimized amount of P3HT-containing scaffold, especially PCL/P3HT(10) nanofibrous scaffold in photocurrent therapy for skin regeneration.
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