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Issue 7, 2010
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Ultrafast excited-state dynamics of a series of zwitterionic pyridinium phenoxides with increasing sterical hindering

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Abstract

A series of pyridinium phenoxides that differ by the dihedral angle between the pyridinium and the phenoxide rings because of substituents with increasing steric encumbrance has been investigated by ultrafast spectroscopy. Like the related betaine-30, these molecules are characterised by a zwitterionic electronic ground state and a weakly polar S1 state. Their fluorescence lifetime was found to lie between 200 to 750 fs, decreasing with increasing dihedral angle, and increasing with solvent viscosity. This was assigned to a non-radiative deactivation of the emissive state coupled to a large amplitude motion involving the dihedral angle. The transient absorption spectra suggested that emission occurs from the Franck–Condon S1 state, which decays to a dark excited state, that itself most probably corresponds to the relaxed S1 state. Finally, this relaxed state decays to the vibrationally hot ground state through an intramolecular charge separation process with a time constant ranging between 0.4 and 3 ps, increasing with the dihedral angle and with the solvent relaxation time. These variations were discussed in terms of the Jortner–Bixon model of electron transfer, where the charge separation dynamics depends on both electronic coupling and solvent relaxation. The results suggested that charge separation slows down with increasing dihedral angle.

Graphical abstract: Ultrafast excited-state dynamics of a series of zwitterionic pyridinium phenoxides with increasing sterical hindering

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Publication details

The article was received on 03 Mar 2010, accepted on 30 Mar 2010 and first published on 19 Apr 2010


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C0PP00042F
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2010,9, 908-915

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    Ultrafast excited-state dynamics of a series of zwitterionic pyridinium phenoxides with increasing sterical hindering

    G. Duvanel, J. Grilj, H. Chaumeil, P. Jacques and E. Vauthey, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2010, 9, 908
    DOI: 10.1039/C0PP00042F

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