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Issue 1, 2008
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Surface photochemistry of the herbicide napropamide. The role of the media and environmental factors in directing the fates of intermediates

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Abstract

The photochemical behaviour of the herbicide napropamide is studied on cellulose and silica surfaces, using steady-state and laser-flash diffuse reflectance techniques. The results are used to probe how the reaction sites of the host matrices influence the photo-reactive pathways. Napropamide undergoes reaction when irradiated with UV (lamps) or visible (sunlight) radiation on both solid supports. The nature of the intermediates and final products depend strongly on the presence or absence of molecular oxygen. The triplet state of napropamide adsorbed on cellulose is detected by both time-resolved luminescence and transient absorption spectroscopies. The triplet sate was not observed on silica, but transients which include the participation of molecular oxygen are detected during flash photolysis studies. The keto intermediates of the photo-Claisen rearrangement products are observed on both solids. Substituted 1-naphthols from photo-Claisen reactions and 1-naphthol are among the main reaction products. 1,4-Naphthoquinone is a major photoproduct in the presence of molecular oxygen and is expected to be prevalent when napropamide undergoes photodegradation in the environment (i.e., after being applied to plants and fields).

Graphical abstract: Surface photochemistry of the herbicide napropamide. The role of the media and environmental factors in directing the fates of intermediates

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Aug 2007, accepted on 15 Oct 2007 and first published on 31 Oct 2007


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B713369C
Citation: Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2008,7, 69-75

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    Surface photochemistry of the herbicide napropamide. The role of the media and environmental factors in directing the fates of intermediates

    J. P. Da Silva, E. V. Bastos, L. F. V. Ferreira and R. G. Weiss, Photochem. Photobiol. Sci., 2008, 7, 69
    DOI: 10.1039/B713369C

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