The phenoxyl radical 1˙ of a vitamin E analogue, generated by the reaction of 2,2,5,7,8-pentamethylchroman-6-ol (1H) with 2,2-di(4-tert-octylphenyl)-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH˙) or galvinoxyl (G˙), was significantly stabilized by the presence of Mg2+. Addition of Mg2+ into a solution of 1˙ resulted in a red shift of the absorption band of 1˙ as well as a decrease in the g value of the EPR spectrum of 1˙, indicating a complex formation between 1˙ and Mg2+. The complexation between the phenoxyl radical and Mg2+ significantly retards the disproportionation reaction of 1˙
by electronic repulsion between the metal cation and a generated organic cation (1+), leading to stabilization of the organic radical species. No effect of Mg2+ on the rate of hydrogen atom transfer from 1H to DPPH˙ or to G˙ was observed, suggesting that the hydrogen-transfer reaction between 1H and DPPH˙ or G˙ proceeds via a one-step hydrogen atom transfer mechanism rather than electron-transfer followed by proton transfer.
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