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Issue 9, 2002
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Ab-initio quantum-mechanical GIAO calculation of the anisotropic effect of C–C and X–C single bonds—application to the 1H NMR spectrum of cyclohexane

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Abstract

The anisotropic effects of the C–C single bond in ethane and various other X–C single bonds (X = OH, SH, NH2) have been quantitatively calculated as nuclear independent chemical shieldings (NICSs) in a three-dimensional grid of lattice atoms around the single bonds using the GIAO method integrated into the GAUSSIAN 98 calculation program. The shielding/deshielding areas due to the anisotropic effect have been plotted as iso-chemical-shift-surfaces (ICSSs); hereby, both direction and scale of the anisotropic effect were quantified and visualized. The results obtained are not in agreement with McConnell's point dipole model; the influence of the anisotropic effect of C–C and X–C single bonds on especially 1H chemical shifts must be reevaluated. The various magnetic contributions to the theoretical NMR shielding tensors of the axial/equatorial protons in cyclohexane were calculated by a detailed NCS-NBO analysis. The partition of the C(2)–C(3) [C(5)–C(6)] bonds at the C(1)–Hax/Hequ magnetic shielding tensors determines both position and chemical shift difference, dominated by hyperconjugation.

Graphical abstract: Ab-initio quantum-mechanical GIAO calculation of the anisotropic effect of C–C and X–C single bonds—application to the 1H NMR spectrum of cyclohexane

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 May 2002, accepted on 28 Jun 2002 and first published on 16 Jul 2002


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/B204629F
J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1506-1509

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    Ab-initio quantum-mechanical GIAO calculation of the anisotropic effect of C–C and X–C single bonds—application to the 1H NMR spectrum of cyclohexane

    S. Klod, A. Koch and E. Kleinpeter, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1506
    DOI: 10.1039/B204629F

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