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Issue 7, 2002
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Methylation of [70]fullerene

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Abstract

Methylation of [70]fullerene by different methods yields products indicative of two reduction manifolds. One involves addition principally at the polar region, the other involves addition around the equator, this diverse behaviour paralleling that found previously in hydrogenation; different steric requirements of the reagents are probably responsible. Methylation by reduction with Al–Ni alloy–NaOHdioxane–THF followed by reaction with MeI gives C70Men (n = 2, 4, 6, 8, 10) (equatorial addition). These products are isostructural with the corresponding C70Phn species despite being formed via a different reaction type (the eight-fold addend being also the most abundant in each reaction), indicating that a fundamental property governs [70]fullerene addition. Methylation by reaction with lithium followed by quenching with methyl iodide gives C70Men containing up to twenty-six methyl groups, C70Me6 being the most abundant species. The isolated C70Me2 consists mainly of a 3.4 ∶ 1 ratio of the 1,2- and 5,6-isomers (polar addition), together with smaller amounts of five other unsymmetrical isomers. One of these latter (together with a further isomer) is produced from nucleophilic substitution of C70Cl10 by MeLi which also gives C70Men (n = 4, 6, 8) as mixtures of uncharacterised isomers in low yields. Like their phenylated counterparts, both C70Me8 and C70Me10 are fluorescent; C70Me8 forms a tetra-oxide on standing in air and light as does C70Ph8.

Graphical abstract: Methylation of [70]fullerene

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Article information


Submitted
30 Apr 2002
Accepted
27 May 2002
First published
12 Jun 2002

J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1251-1256
Article type
Paper

Methylation of [70]fullerene

H. Al-Matar, A. K. Abdul Sada, A. G. Avent, R. Taylor and X. Wei, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1251
DOI: 10.1039/B204188J

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