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Issue 10, 2002
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Hindered ester formation by SN2 azidation of N-acetoxy-N-alkoxyamides and N-alkoxy-N-chloroamides—novel application of HERON rearrangements

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Abstract

Treatment of N-acetoxy-N-alkoxyamides or N-alkoxy-N-chloroamides with sodium azide in aqueous acetonitrile results in SN2 displacement of chloride and the formation of reactive N-alkoxy-N-azidoamides. The reaction with N-acetoxy-N-benzyloxybenzamide has been studied kinetically (k294 = 2 L mol−1 s−1) and azidation of N-formyloxy-N-methoxyformamide has been modeled computationally at the pBP/DN*//HF/6-31G* level of theory. The anomeric amides N-alkoxy-N-azidoamides decompose intramolecularly and spontaneously to esters and two equivalents of nitrogen. This extremely exothermic process facilitates the formation, in excellent yields, of highly hindered esters.

Graphical abstract: Hindered ester formation by SN2 azidation of N-acetoxy-N-alkoxyamides and N-alkoxy-N-chloroamides—novel application of HERON rearrangements

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Article information


Submitted
10 Dec 2001
Accepted
31 Jul 2002
First published
30 Aug 2002

J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1728-1739
Article type
Paper

Hindered ester formation by SN2 azidation of N-acetoxy-N-alkoxyamides and N-alkoxy-N-chloroamides—novel application of HERON rearrangements

S. A. Glover and G. Mo, J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2, 2002, 1728 DOI: 10.1039/B111250N

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