Solid-phase synthesis of branched oligonucleotides containing a biologically relevant dCyd341 interstrand crosslink DNA lesion†
Branched oligonucleotides containing a biologically relevant DNA lesion, dCyd341, which involves an interstrand crosslink between a cytosine base on one strand and a ribose moiety on the opposite strand, were prepared in a single automated solid-phase synthesis. For this, we first prepared the phosphoramidite analogue of dCyd341 bearing an orthogonal levulinyl protecting group. Then, following the synthesis of the first DNA strand containing dCyd341, the levulinic group was removed and the synthesis was then continued from the free base hydroxyl group at the branching point, using traditional phosphoramidites. The synthesized oligonucleotides were fully characterized by MALDI-TOF/MS and were enzymatically digested, and the presence of the lesion was confirmed by HPLC-MS/MS and the sequence was finally controlled upon exonuclease digestion followed by MALDI-TOF/MS analysis. The developed strategy was successfully employed for the preparation of several short linear and branched oligonucleotides containing the aforementioned lesion.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Chemical biology in OBC