Regiospecific formation of sugar-derived ketonitrone towards unconventional C-branched pyrrolizidines and indolizidines†
The synthesis of unprecedented branched pyrrolizidines and indolizidines was accomplished via nitrone chemistry. The required ketonitrone, a known intermediate usually obtained as a mixture of regioisomers, was prepared in a pure form from D-arabinose by a sequence of oximation/reduction/oxidation steps. Nucleophilic vinylation or allylation followed by ring-closing metathesis of the corresponding N-allylpyrrolidines furnished the targeted iminosugars, which proved potent and selective inhibitors of alpha-glucosidase from rice (GH31 family).
- This article is part of the themed collection: Chemical biology in OBC