Hypermonins A and B, two 6-norpolyprenylated acylphloroglucinols with unprecedented skeletons from Hypericum monogynum
Two new 6-norpolycyclic polyprenylated acylphloroglucinols (PPAPs), hypermonins A (1) and B (2), featuring an undescribed decahydroindeno[1,7-bc]furan ring system, were isolated from the leaves and twigs of Hypericum monogynum. These compounds are a pair of epimers with opposite configurations at the C-5 position. Their structures, including their absolute configurations, were determined by extensive spectroscopic analysis and electronic circular dichroism (ECD) calculations. A plausible biosynthetic pathway of 1 and 2 was also proposed. Compound 1 exhibited a significant protective effect against corticosterone-induced injury in PC12 cells.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 2018 HOT article collection